How to label and name roads (Australia)
This page covers road names for the country listed in the page title. For other countries see this page.
This forms part of Australian Editing Best Practice. Editors are encouraged to follow these guidelines.
Road Name & Number
Where a road exhibits both a road number and name, the following convention should be used:
<Number>" - " <Name>
Examples: 1. M3 - Eastern Fwy 2. M1 - Monash Fwy
This gives both a consistent appearance and allows a straightforward identification of the road type.
Adding the dash " - " will make the TTS wait 0.5 seconds before saying the road name. This will make the TTS better to understand. It will also allow the road name to be readable and easily distinguished from the road number.
The same can also be said for adding the direction of travel on single/dual carriageways with a lettered designation
<Number>" - " <Name> <Direction>
Examples: 1. M3 - Eastern Fwy (Outbound) 2. M1 - Monash Fwy (Inbound)
Abbreviations & Acronyms
For place, feature, roadway & traverseable path naming, please see:
The following convention is the recommended way to label road types in Australia.
The Australian route numbering system contains a mix of old shielded routes and newer alphanumeric routes, with some overlap. Judgement and discretion may be necessary sometimes, especially as some states have been slow in implementing the new national alphanumberic system. Some road types in Australia officially use a newer official designated type or name, but may use the road sign from a previous or discontinued classification. If it is too difficult or complicated to determine the road type, it is best to label the road type in a way that would be helpful to the driver on that road.
More information can be found Here.
|Waze Road Type||Australian Road Types||Road Shield Examples|
|Freeway||Freeway, motorway, expressway and tollway. There must be no intersections and there must be no access or exits except from ramps. Usually designated by a gold-on-green alphanumeric road number designation that begins with the letter "M", a road number inside a hexagonal blue-on-white sign, or in the case of tollways the sign is presented in a gold-on-blue style.|
|Major Highway||National highways. Usually designated by gold-on-green shields with the word "National" written at the top. May contain alphanumeric numbering with the letter "A" at the start of the number, or may just use a number. Also referred to as primary routes.|
|Minor Highway||State highways or State Roads. Usually designated by a numbered white-on-blue bullet sign, or by a gold-on-green alphanumeric designation starting with the letter "B" or "C". Also referred to as secondary and tertiary routes.|
|Primary Street||Main Roads, Regional Roads, Tourist Drives, Scenic Drives, etc that are not classified as highways. They connect suburbs and towns. May also include roads designated as"D" roads in some states. Also referred to as tertiary routes.|
|Streets||Urban streets and rural roads not identified above.|
The following convention should be followed where possible, although it is acknowledged that you may need to deviate from it in some circumstances.
A road can be split into be 2 one-way roads if any of the following conditions are met:
- The central reservation is > 5m
- There's a visible gap between average of all GPS traces
- It is split by physical barrier (Concrete, Armco, pedestrian barrier etc)
Pedestrian refuges and painted road separation (cross hatching that can be driven over) should not normally be split.
Motorway Carriageway Naming Convention
Whenever possible, on split roads, name carriageways with the direction of travel. Insert the direction of travel at the end of the road name:
Examples: 1. M3 - Eastern Fwy (Inbound) 2. A4 - (W) 3. M25 - (ACW)
This makes traffic and incident reports much more useful and helps with navigation.
Exit ramps and Entrance ramps (on-ramps)
For the best balance between information and screen real estate, the following convention is best used for the ramp road type:
Exit ramps and Entrance ramps are to be set as Ramp road type. The name of the ramp should match the exit or entrance signage as closely as possible. Minimal disparity between sign and instruction is our goal. If done properly, the driver will not have to struggle to compare Waze's on-screen or verbal instructions with what he or she sees in real life on the road.
- If the exit sign shows a number as well as a street or highway name, the exit ramp should be named "Exit 24: Schwarzenegger Rd".
- A colon has been added because it adds a pause, making Text-to-Speech directions easier to understand.
- If the exit is not numbered, "Exit to Kindergarten Ct" will do.
- If a single exit serves multiple roads, use a slash with leading and trailing spaces: "Exit 32: Terminator Blvd / Total Recall Rd".
- If an exit number contains one or more letters, include it exactly as displayed on the sign: "Exit 33B: Running Man St", or "Exits 35C-B-A: Junior Dr / Twins Ave / Jingle Allthe Way". *NEW*
- Include everything that is present on the last sign prior to the exit. Do not combine all possible pre-ramp signage into the single ramp segment name.
- If the exit off the main interstate or highway serves multiple exits further down the road, it may be advisable not to name the first exit ramp, to name only the ramps which are the first one to a distinct destination. The Waze client will give all the proper exit and keep left or right instructions to guide the driver to the correct exit, even if the first one is not named. That said, this should only be done if the signage for the first ramp is the same as that on the subsequent, named ramp.
For entrance ramps, use this format: "to [street name] [direction] / [control city]", where applicable. For example,
- "to I-10 W / Baton Rouge"
- "to Clearview Pkwy N / Mandeville"
- "to US Hwy 90 Bus W"
- "to LA-1 Thibodaux / Lockport" *NEW*
- Similar to combined exit ramps, when multiple on-ramps combine before merging into the main interstate or highway, it is advised to name the last common ramp with the conventions listed above. This will usually be the last ramp which is the one which actually joins the main interstate or highway.
- Using "Ramp to", "West", "WB", and "Westbound" should be avoided as "WB" is pronounced "double-you bee" and not 'westbound.' Further, the "to" will be automatically omitted from Text-to-Speech instructions. Do not omit the word "to", because this could cause confusion with, say, the "Select entire street" function.
- State highways: When naming ramps and exits that lead to state highways, local naming should be used. This will maximize the clarity of navigation prompts for the majority of users in a given area.
- Similar to exit ramps, put multiple destination information, even from multiple signage, onto the single on-ramp name. Major destinations or highways/interstates can be included, but don't go crazy and add every possible town and city in that direction. "to US Hwy 90 Bus W to I-10 W Miss River Br / Baton Rouge" is fine.
<Exit Number> (":' <Adjoining Road>)
Examples: 1. Exit 54: Stevens Rd 2. Exit 2: Domain Rd
“Entry to:” <Road Number> (<Direction>)
Examples: 1. Entry to: M54 (E) 2. Entry to: M1 (Outbound)
- Fields marked in parenthesis (<field>) are optional.
- Onward roads should only added if they are shown on road signage as this is an aide to the driver to confirm they have the correct exit [Hint: look on streetview]
- Roads with clockwise or anticlockwise directions should have have ramp directions taken from signage [Hint: look on streetview]
To aid navigation instructions, roundabouts should typically remain unnamed - where the client comes across a segment with no name it will use the next named segment as the next named instruction whilst retaining any turn signals.
If the roundabout does have a proper, signposted name, then this can be labelled using a 'Junction/Intersection' type landmark that fills the centre of the roundabout.
- For further advice, see Editing Junctions and Roundabouts
Motorway Service Areas
Motorway Service Areas (MSA) should be mapped according to the following convention:
- Use "Ramps" on and off the motorway labelled as detailed in the Ramps section of the wiki.
- Use "Streets" for all through roads (linking the ramps).
- Use "Parking Lot Road" for Parking areas.
- Use "Service Road" for Petrol Station forecourts.
- Use "Private Road" for limited access roads (with no public right of way). Ensure that they are set to unknown connectivity, turn restrictions are set so that no-one can turn into the road and the segment(s) and connecting segments are locked to enforce the turn restrictions.
- Do not add a City or Street name to any road with the exception of the ramps.
- Set landmarks for the major buildings on site (i.e. Services Building, Fuel and Hotels etc).
For more information on how junction locking works in Waze see the forum thread: Modifying the lock option (and some explanations)
Bypass or By-pass?